Updated March 18, 2020
Buchalter COVID-19 Legal Resource Group
Dear Clients, Colleagues & Friends,
Buchalter is carefully monitoring the rapidly changing developments of the coronavirus (COVID-19). The COVID-19 pandemic will continue to present challenges and change our daily way of life in unprecedented ways.
We will continue to take the necessary steps to safeguard the health of our families and colleagues in accordance with CDC guidelines and directives from federal, state, and local authorities. Many of our attorneys and business professionals work remotely on a regular basis, and we are committed to providing our clients with high quality and uninterrupted legal services. We do not anticipate that you will experience any difference in our responsiveness or support.
Our attorneys are ready to advise clients on how to best approach issues raised by this public health crisis. In response to these challenging times, Buchalter has created a Buchalter COVID-19 Legal Resource Group. Our teams will continue to keep you updated with critical information that may affect your matters.
We will provide regular communications to our clients and friends addressing the many issues and risks as they occur because of COVID-19. Buchalter understands that many of the health alerts and orders issued by various organizations and governmental agencies at times have been hastily written and have caused a lot of confusion. It is our goal to help you navigate not only through these orders and their impact upon you, but also to provide you with the most up-to-date information available to address any concern you may have in a clear and concise manner. If you have any questions or concerns arising from this situation, please contact your Buchalter attorney.
We hope that you remain safe and healthy, and want to thank you for your continued trust in us as we all work together through this uncertain and extraordinary period.
Adam J. Bass, President and Chief Executive Officer of Buchalter
Buchalter’s Legal Resource Group anticipates that COVID-19 will present clients with the following issues:
- Labor & Employment — Workplace safety, remote operation, mandatory or voluntary leave with or without pay, wage and hour issues (particularly with offsite or remote working arrangements), OSHA and CalOSHA standards, best practices for employee safety, required accommodations (particularly for employees who are more vulnerable), discrimination and termination issues and employee privacy issues.
- Corporate and Transactional — Businesses that have operational risks that arise with employees, customers, and vendors whose performance might be affected by the outbreak or related management concerns. The effect of a volatile securities market on M&A and capital markets transactions – including, but not limited to, those involving public companies. The effects of the coronavirus on financial reporting, including the issuer’s disclosures and the audit firm’s audit quality (for example, audit firm access to information and company personnel).
- Real Estate — Impacts on building owners, developers, landlords, tenants, and real estate transactions.
- Commercial Finance and Lending — Liquidity: Borrowers drawing down their existing credit facilities to have cash on hand for future supply line and market disruptions. Defaults, Forbearances & Workouts: COVID-19’s impact on many businesses and industries will likely trigger a surge in defaults, forbearances and workouts. Lenders need to review their loan documents, with counsel, for deficiencies and so-called “soft-spots”. Borrowers need to review the documents for provisions that may excuse the lender from making further loans. Material Adverse Change: Determining whether a MAC has occurred, or is likely to occur, based on COVID-19 related disruptions and what lenders should ask for to help make such determination. What to consider when negotiating the MAC clause in pending loan transactions.
- Mortgage Banking — Loan workouts, loan defaults, foreclosures, loss mitigation and loan modifications, and receiverships, local and state government mandates on mortgage hardship forbearance.
- Insolvency and Financial Law Group — Buchalter’s Insolvency and Financial Law practice group has significant experience helping its clients deal with the devastating effects of major business disruptions. The reduction of business resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic will cause both immediate and long-term problems for many businesses. The reduced cash flow and inability to meet payment obligations will place a number of companies as well as their counterparties into financial distress. Buchalter’s national insolvency and restructuring practice has successfully represented its clients through complex proceedings in all economic climates. Trusted by the nation’s largest banks and other financial institutions, as well as creditor committees, developers, pharmaceutical companies, retailers and a multitude of other parties requiring financial related solutions, Buchalter combines strategic legal protections with keen industry intelligence to deliver superlative results.
- Healthcare — Regulatory, compliance, and risk management, advice for hospitals, health systems, physician/physician groups, laboratories, and other providers.
- Energy and Natural Resources — Manufacturing and transportation delays and labor stoppages, energy regulatory compliance.
- Land Development and Environmental — Planning, design, construction, and operation of buildings, delays in project milestones, and integration with public spaces that need to be incorporated into new developments at the entitlement stage, ability of project sponsors to timely complete their projects at the local, state, and federal approval levels. The practice group also is advising clients on a regular basis regarding regulatory compliance matters within the backdrop of recently issued COVID-19 orders.
- Insurance — Assisting policyholders in connection with analyzing their insurance policies and pursuing paths to potential insurance coverage for their business losses and liability claims related to the coronavirus.
- Tax — Local, state, and federal governments are taking swift action to utilize, expand, and enact tax relief to address hardships caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. These actions include tax payment extensions, such as the IRS and California granting extensions until July 15, 2020 (currently June 15 for California) to pay 2019 income tax liability and first quarter 2020 estimated income tax payments (ordinarily due on April 15, 2020), subject to a capped amount, without interest and penalties. In addition, the IRS is providing similar relief with respect to the payment of 2020 federal estimated income tax payments. Some cities, such as Seattle, will defer business and occupation tax collections for eligible business owners.
Tax exemptions to provide needed services and relief are being expanded. The rules regarding Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) and high deductible health plans will be loosened, including to provide Covid-19 testing and treatment without copayment. Presidential declarations are expected to allow employers to make tax-free disaster relief payments directly to employees for certain Covid-19-related personal, family, and property repair, replacement, and rehabilitation expenses.More tax relief will be finalized soon. On March 18, 2020, Congress passed H.R. 6201, Families First Coronavirus Response Act. This bill will expand unemployment benefits and require employers to provide paid sick and family leave to employees, large portions of which would be subsidized by refundable tax credits.Businesses facing tax payments, collections, bad debts, increased expenditures, difficulty with payroll taxes, underfunding of reserve accounts and pension plans, unexpected COBRA obligations, and liquidity pressures will need tax relief and practical informed advice to address tax challenges during this crisis.
- Benefits — COBRA, Hardship Withdrawals, 401(k) Loans and Distributions, Defined Benefit Plan Funding, Short-term Disability Coverage and Plans, Long-Term Care, Electronic Disclosures, Health Insurance and Self-Funded Plan Rules. Medicare Secondary Payer and Medicaid Coordination Issues.
Labor & Employment | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5230
Mortgage Banking | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5262
Labor & Employment | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5258
Insolvency and Financial Law | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5009
Corporate and Transactional | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5020
Healthcare | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-0700
Corporate and Transactional | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5285
Energy & Natural Resources | Sacramento, CA
Direct: (916) 945-5174
Real Estate | San Francisco, CA
Direct: (415) 227-3504
Land Development | San Francisco, CA
Direct: (415) 227-3508
Real Estate | Scottsdale, AZ
Direct: (480) 383-1823
Land Development | Orange County, CA
Direct: (949) 224-6439
Real Estate | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5074
Insurance | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5115
Anthony R. Callobre
Commercial Finance and Lending | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5024
Insurance | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5070
Commercial Finance and Lending | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5014
Tax | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5390
Mortgage Banking | Los Angeles, CA
Direct: (213) 891-5080
Benefits | Seattle, WA
Direct: (206) 319-7042
Updated as of March 20, 2020
Buchalter Client Alert COVID-19
As of March 20th, 2020 —The growing public, political and economic turmoil arising out of the COVID-19, or “coronavirus,” infectious disease strain is creating a broad range of increasingly serious concerns for businesses and governments around the world and is having an unprecedented short-term impact on consumers and on the debt and equity capital markets. The long-range implications are impossible to predict, but recent market volatility attributable at least in part to the developments seem disproportionate to the events we’ve seen to date.
At the same time, it the pandemic has proven extremely difficult to contain, and efforts across the United States have shifted to voluntary isolation programs and, in many states (including California, Oregon and Washington) widespread closures of businesses, schools and workplaces. The impacts of these measures on commerce and industry cannot yet be predicted but are expected to be severe, and federal and state government agencies have announced or are considering a broad range of measures aimed at stemming both the health crisis and the ongoing economic shockwaves.
Our clients, like many others, are increasingly concerned about not only the operational risks, but also to risks arising out of the public’s response. Our attorneys are currently advising clients as to the wide-ranging implications and we have decided to publish a bulletin to help our clients and others anticipate and address some of the risks that seem to flow from these circumstances.
COVID-19 creates a myriad of issues for employers. The primary types of questions our attorneys get from employers relate to what the employer can, may, or must do relating to their employees. Some answers are obvious while others are more nuanced and require review of statutes or regulations. The questions employers are asking are, in many ways, similar to those asked by employers during the early days of the SARS and ZIKA scares. For example :
- Can we, may we, or must we send an employee home?
- What happens if an employee refuses to go home or refuses to work with or near another employee?
- What are our obligations to other employees if one employee is infected or suspected to be infected?
- What are our obligations to customers, clients and third parties?
- Must we supply masks or protective items to employees?
Some answers can be found in OSHA’s “Guidance on Preparing Workplaces for an Influenza Pandemic” at https://www.osha.gov/Publications/influenza_pandemic.html.
Other questions are similar to the types of questions our attorneys receive regularly relating to employee safety, mandatory or voluntary leave with or without pay, wage and hour issues (particularly with offsite or remote working arrangements), OSHA and CalOSHA standards, and best practices for employee safety, required accommodations (particularly for employees who are more vulnerable), discrimination and termination issues and employee privacy issues. Unionized employers may have some unique questions that arise, particularly issues relating to required bargaining over actions the employer may want to take to protect its work place.
Corporate and Transactional
In the corporate and transactional arena, U.S. and global securities markets are experiencing volatility and declines of historic proportion, and as of this update on March 20, 2020, the markets make it difficult if not impossible for companies to remain on pace – or even to proceed – with mergers, acquisitions and capital markets that had not been reduced to final, binding agreements. The VIX, the volatility index calculated by the Chicago Board of Options Exchange as a measure of the expected market volatility, remains extraordinarily high, exceeded only by the records set during the financial crisis of 2008. These events have made it extremely difficult for businesses to plan for future strategic events, or even to anticipate their own liquidity and working capital risks. Recent developments with coronavirus and the related economic turmoil give rise to at least three additional areas of concern. First, businesses that have operational risks that arise with employees, customers, and vendors whose performance might be affected by the outbreak or related management concerns. This has proven particularly true with companies that depend on global commerce for manufacturing, supply chains, and customer relationships. As with the overall market tendency to react strongly to perceived threats before those threats materialize, there has been a particularly volatile reaction for electronics manufacturers based on the presumed risks COVID-19 poses to assembly and component manufacturers and have resulted in extraordinary declines in oil, metals and many other commodities. Likewise, U.S. companies whose operations have significant export concentration, have seen increasing volatility. Relating to these risks is the potential for securities litigation arising out of allegedly defective disclosures. Anticipating this exposure calls for working closely with counsel and with internal financial staff to develop thorough risk analyses and to assure the timely, accurate communication of known material events and risk factors. These companies also should adjust their investor relations and communications plans to help mitigate the potential for market overreactions, balancing the need for disclosure of operational and financial risks against investors’ expectations that management is anticipating and planning for the potential impacts, if, for example, the severity or pervasiveness of COVID-19 were to cause more serious disruptions.
The second category of corona virus-related concerns, alluded to above, is the effect of a volatile securities market on M&A and capital markets transactions – including, but not limited to, those involving public companies. We have seen instances with a number of clients questioning whether COVID-19-related risks or the coinciding market volatility might trigger “material adverse change” or “MAC” clauses in pending agreements. The general market downturn and the public response to the pandemic have, in our experience, adversely affected buyers’ perceptions of targets’ values; is constraining lenders’ willingness to extend new credit and, in some cases, to heavily scrutinize even undrawn capacity on existing credit lines; and has proven highly disruptive to planned capital transactions including both public and private securities offerings, buybacks, tender offers and dividend programs as issuers and underwriters adjust their plans to address the potential for longer-lasting effects on revenues and strategic plans. This development, has, in our clients experience, is adversely a buyer’s perception of target value, are limiting lenders’ willingness to extend credit, as well as capital markets transactions, tender offers, stock buybacks, and dividend programs as issuers and underwriters adjust their plans to address the potential for longer-lasting effects on revenues and strategic planning. Our attorneys are advising clients that are currently negotiating such transactions to consider these factors and are recommending thorough and careful review of closing conditions and operating covenants – with particular attention to MAC-related provisions – during the drafting process.
A third concern is specific to publicly traded companies. On Feb. 19, 2020, the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board issued a joint statement addressing, among other items, the effects of the coronavirus on financial reporting, including the issuer’s disclosures and the audit firm’s audit quality (for example, audit firm access to information and company personnel). The joint statement acknowledges that the coronavirus is dynamic and the effects to any particular industry or issuer might not be known. However, users might need disclosure of how issuers plan for and respond to coronavirus events. The joint statement reminds public companies to work with their audit committees and auditors to “ensure that their financial reporting, auditing and review processes are as robust as practicable in light of the circumstances in meeting the applicable requirements.” In this regard, public companies should carefully consider whether the following items in _lings should discuss the impact or potential future impact of the coronavirus:
- Management’s Discussion and Analysis (including the requirements of Item 303 of Regulation S-K to discuss known trends and uncertainties on liquidity, capital resources, and results of operations)
- Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
- Board risk oversight disclosures pursuant to Item 407(h) of Regulation S-K and Item 7 of Schedule 14A
The additional considerations for public companies come with an offsetting consideration: the SEC has announced conditional regulatory relief that affords public companies affected by the coronavirus an additional 45 days to _le certain disclosure reports due between March 1 and April 30, 2020. Companies relying on this relief must _le a Form 8-K explaining why the relief is needed in their specific circumstances, among other conditions. We also encourage public companies to consider filing a Form 8-K if the effects of the disease are likely to materially affect results of operation, financial condition, or the accuracy or reliability of financial statements.
The real estate sector is seeing COVID-19 related impacts on building owners, developers, landlords, and tenants. For tenants, the principal action item is to discuss heightened janitorial and “day porter” services with your landlord. Most landlords have engaged professional janitorial service providers and many are increasing the frequency of cleaning/sanitizing elevators, escalators, front entrances and lobby amenities.
For building owners (or single tenant occupants of buildings under triple net leases), especially those in retail and mixed use environments, where there is a consistent public presence at the project, contingency access control plans need to be developed. In addition, owners should have discussions with their property management services and other key vendors to discuss employee practices governing communications with employees to promptly report illnesses and to avoid the building if they are ill. Based on current medical information, the virus is transmitted through moisture based “droplets” that are absorbed through a person’s mucus membranes, and is not by “air borne” transmission. As such, the likelihood that building HVAC systems will be a source of exposure seems relatively low. However, building owners should consider increasing the frequency of common area “day porter” services.
Both landlords and tenants should review their leases to confirm whether a closure of the building, or significantly restricted access, would trigger a rent abatement. Buildings, especially larger retail centers and trophy properties with significant common areas, are likely to incur increased operating expenses, and tenants should discuss these projected costs – and the tenants’ responsibility for such costs — with their landlords. Developers with projects in stages of entitlement review, including building permit review, should anticipate delays in processing of their applications as local jurisdictions close offices, redirect manpower, or otherwise postpone public hearings.
Commercial Finance and Lending
While there is still much uncertainty about COVID-19 and its long-term effects, there is no doubt that the virus has had a real impact on the commercial finance market. Many borrowers dependent on working capital lines and leveraged loans are showing signs of financial strain amid the spread of the virus. This is especially true for borrowers whose cash flow and supply chains are dependent, either directly or indirectly, on customers and manufacturers under quarantine overseas.
As this sort of disruption continues to unfold with the spread of COVID-19, lenders should start to assess their rights and remedies under their existing commercial loan documents. And borrowers in the process of negotiating new commercial loans should carefully consider the risk and consequences of further business deterioration resulting from the virus. Below is a summary of issues and provisions that should be taken into consideration.
Defaults, Forbearances & Workouts
COVID-19 and its potential future effects on many businesses and industries will likely trigger a surge in defaults, forbearances and workouts. Thus, lenders should promptly undertake a review of their commercial loan documents, with counsel, for any deficiencies or so-called “soft-spots.” This is especially the case if the loan was documented several years ago utilizing agreements that have since been updated with regulatory or legal changes, was heavily negotiated at closing, or has undergone a series of material amendments after closing.
Lenders and their counsel should pay particular attention to the grant and perfection of liens, the negative covenants, the MAC clause, how the financial covenants are calculated (especially EBITDA addbacks), and the lender’s rights and remedies upon default. If the loan is syndicated, then agents and participant banks will also need to pay attention to voting rights, the amendment provision, and the so-called “yank-the-bank” provision.
The MAC Clause
In most commercial loan agreements, the lender may exercise remedies, refuse to lend, or terminate its commitment if a material adverse change (MAC) in the borrower’s business, operations, prospects or financial condition has occurred. However, determining whether a MAC has occurred involves a detailed factual inquiry with an uncertain outcome. If wrong, the lender may be exposed to possible significant liability. For this reason, the MAC clause is notoriously difficult to invoke.
It may be tougher to call a MAC for COVID-19 since the actual economic impact of the virus outside China thus far seems less severe than the financial markets’ reaction. At the very least, the lender will need to show a sustained decline in the borrower’s business or financial condition due to the outbreak or an unavoidable loss of material business that is reasonably expected to result from the spread of the virus. Lenders considering a MAC for any COVID-19 related issues should consult with in-house or outside counsel.
Health Care providers have all of the employment law concerns of any other business, but also have heightened workplace safety issues, because the public seeks care and treatment from them.
In addition, health care payors and providers are facing, and will continue to face, regulatory requirements related to their “front line” status. For example, both the California Department of Managed Healthcare and the Department of Insurance have issued directives to the payors under their jurisdiction that provide as follows:
- Immediately eliminating all cost-sharing and copays for COVID-19 related treatment (applies to delegated medical providers as well as plans).
- Coverage of all COVID-19 related treatment without need for prior authorization
- No surprise or balance billing for related services and treatment
- Waiver of prior authorization for prescription or other drugs for treatment
Further, as reported cases increase, particularly in densely populated urban centers, providers and facilities are likely to experience substantial increases in demand and, owing to the resulting staffing costs, an uptick in expenses.
Energy and Natural Resources
COVID-19 is already impacting the energy markets for a variety of reasons, including manufacturing and transportation delays and labor stoppages. The slowdown or cessation of manufacturing in China and potential slowdowns at ports of entry may result in a delay in delivery of key supply chain components such as solar energy panels. The inability to obtain parts needed for construction of projects, or obtain key replacement parts as part of regular maintenance or repair, will impact energy generation and related contractual requirements. Parties should closely review contractual commitments, such as power purchase agreements, to identify material obligations tied to product delay or cancellation. Such delays may impact the ability to meet performance requirements, key contractual milestones, and guaranteed energy production requirements.
The potential impacts of COVID-19 also extend to energy regulatory compliance matters, including Resource Adequacy and Renewable Portfolio Standards compliance, as well as the ability to take advantage of the Investment Tax Credit. Developers and load-serving entities expecting new generation to count towards these obligations, especially in the near-term, should evaluate if manufacturing interruptions may push back the commercial operation dates and whether mitigation measures such as substitution may be necessary. In some circumstances, despite delays, the Investment Tax Credit may still be available, but parties should ensure that they receive adequate documentation supporting delays and explore alternative solutions.
Among issues affecting the petroleum industry is sustaining the complex and integrated supply chain of critical transportation fuels and fuel for electric generation seamlessly sustained and operational. The teams of personnel necessary for this effort will, in many instances, call for physical proximity for support, operation and maintenance efforts at production fields, refineries, distribution pipelines and distribution facilities. These efforts are necessary for sustaining airport operations, all manners of transportation, and electric generation essential to our daily lives. The implications of a health constraint to isolate individuals in this supply chain is at the very least a challenge and will in all instances create restrictions that must be addressed for the retention of critical infrastructure and emergency services.
Land development and regulatory compliance
While regulators and the regulated community grapple with the long-term implications of COVID-19 on the design, construction, and operation of buildings, and integration with public spaces that may need to be incorporated into new developments at the entitlement stage, the virus is starting to have an immediate impact on the ability of project sponsors to timely complete their projects at the local, state, and federal approval levels.
At the federal level, recent direction from the Federal Office of Personnel Management encourages federal agencies to release preliminary guidance as to how their respective agencies will respond to an outbreak and a resulting reduction in workforce availability. Based on prior guidance, however, some agencies already had limited the ability for federal agency employees to telecommute on a regular basis. With guidance from the CDC regarding triggers for self-quarantine, federal agencies will need to rethink how they make accommodations for reduced staff availability while at the same time responding to other Executive Orders imposing streamlined and expedited permit review. This inherent conflict threatens to leave some projects in limbo indefinitely, much like the prior Federal government shut-downs and emergency incidents (e.g., fires and floods) in which staff were reassigned and/or unavailable to timely complete projects or respond to compliance issues.
Various state agencies, county, municipal governments and special districts are also feeling the pressure to develop emergency response plans and address the uncertainty created by COVID-19. As the entitlement process depends on public interactions, meetings, and hearings, the real estate development industry is particularly vulnerable just as it was during the massive wildfires in California over the past several years. During those tragic incidents, court and agency closures and hearing cancellations hindered timely project delivery. This conflict between meeting regulatory deadlines on the one hand and minimizing potential exposure to COVID-19 is already starting to create challenges for developers and builders trying to expedite the delivery of projects before the next economic downturn.
From a practical perspective, the real estate industry needs to prepare for and anticipate the potential for indefinite delays due to this latest public health crisis. Developers, landowners, and investors may want to use this as an opportunity to strengthen transactional documents, as well as entitlement approvals and development agreements with municipalities to accommodate the uncertainty. For example, purchase and sale agreements, development agreements, and other instruments may need to provide for even longer feasibility periods and later outside dates. Similarly, force majeure provisions should clearly account for governmental agency delays as a basis for extending performance obligations, and indemnification provisions in project approvals may need to carve out potential liabilities due to exposure to public health hazards. Developers should also work with the respective land use authorities to extend permit expiration dates to account for any permitting and construction delays. In short, to minimize risk and financial loss related to COVID-19, the real estate development industry needs to be more proactive than ever.
Environmental, Health & Safety
Employers have a duty to provide their employees with a safe workplace free of occupational hazards. For certain workplaces that are more likely to expose employees to infectious diseases, the occupational hazards include potential exposure to COVID-19. These workplaces include hospitals, clinics, nursing facilities, and other places where infected persons are likely to be found or to go for treatment. Although these workplaces already have measures to protect employees from infectious diseases, employers should review those protective measures against the information from the Center for Disease Control (“CDC”) and other authorities to ensure they are ready for COVID-19.
Employers who are not in one of the higher-hazard health care sectors still have a responsibility to provide a safe workplace. Cal/OSHA has provided Interim Guidelines for General Industry on COVID-19, see: https://www.dir.ca.gov/dosh/coronavirus/General-Industry.html. This guidance recommends that employers follow the guidelines of the CDC, such as encouraging sick employees to stay home, providing hand sanitizer, and sending employees with respiratory illness home immediately. Federal OSHA notes that there are no OSHA standards applicable to COVID-19 but that the General Duty Clause requires employers to furnish workers with employment free from recognized hazards likely to cause death or serious harm. Federal OSHA also points to the Cal/OSHA guidance as useful. Interestingly, the Federal OSHA website states that COVID-19 is a recordable illness when a worker is infected on the job, despite the fact that the common cold and flu are explicitly exempted from recordkeeping requirements. As it will be difficult to ascertain where a worker is infected, this essentially this makes any COVID-19 case a recordable illness.
Finally, as some businesses may be contemplating operating with reduced staffs, it is important to remember that compliance with environmental permits and regulations is not “optional.” Environmental, health and safety requirements should be reviewed to determine which ones must still be carried out in the operating and staffing mode being contemplated.
As can be seen from the above, the impacts to clients globally are complex and far-reaching. As we write, the developments are ongoing: courts and businesses are suspending in-person contact, employees of companies small and large are being asked to work from home, and many others are considering both practical and legal measures to protect their employees while also managing their business and legal concerns. We are available to assist clients with issues related to COVID-19 in all areas of the law.
Please contact your Buchalter attorney with any questions.
This communication is not intended to create or constitute, nor does it create or constitute, an attorney-client or any other legal relationship. No statement in this communication constitutes legal advice nor should any communication herein be construed, relied upon, or interpreted as legal advice. This communication is for general information purposes only regarding recent legal developments of interest, and is not a substitute for legal counsel on any subject matter. No reader should act or refrain from acting on the basis of any information included herein without seeking appropriate legal advice on the particular facts and circumstances affecting that reader. For more information, visit www.buchalter.com.